# [time-nuts] Danish Question

Rob Kimberley rk at timing-consultants.com
Wed Oct 31 15:02:45 EDT 2007

```Completely off topic, but thought this might amuse you all.

Rob K

The following concerns a question in a physics degree exam at the University
of Copenhagen:

"Describe how to determine the height of a skyscraper with a barometer."

One student replied:

"You tie a long piece of string to the neck of the barometer, then lower the
barometer from the roof of the skyscraper to the ground. The length of the
string plus the length of the barometer will equal the height of the
building."

This highly original answer so incensed the examiner that the student was
failed immediately. He appealed on the grounds that his answer was
indisputably correct, and the university appointed an independent arbiter to
decide the case. The arbiter judged that the answer was indeed correct, but
did not display any noticeable knowledge of physics. To resolve the problem
it was decided to call the student in and allow him six minutes in which to
provide a verbal answer which showed at least a minimal familiarity with the
basic principles of physics. For five minutes the student sat in silence,
forehead creased in thought. The arbiter reminded him that time was running
out, to which the student replied that he had several extremely relevant
answers, but couldn't make up his mind which to use. On being advised to
hurry up the student replied as follows:

"Firstly, you could take the barometer up to the roof of the skyscraper,
drop it over the edge, and measure the time it takes to reach the ground.
The height of the building can then be worked out from the formula H = 0.5g
x t squared. But bad luck on the barometer.

"Or if the sun is shining you could measure the height of the barometer,
then set it on end and measure the length of its shadow. Then you measure
the length of the skyscraper's shadow, and thereafter it is a simple matter
of proportional arithmetic to work uut the height of the skyscraper.

"But if you wanted to be highly scientific about it, you could tie a short
piece of string to the barometer and swing it like a pendulum, first at
ground level and then on the roof of the skyscraper. The height is worked
out by the difference in the gravitational restoring force T = 2 pi sqrroot
(l/g).

"Or if the skyscraper has an outside emergency staircase, it would be easier
to walk up it and mark off the height of the skyscraper in barometer

"If you merely wanted to be boring and orthodox about it, of course, you
could use the barometer to measure the air pressure on the roof of the
skyscraper and on the ground, and convert the difference in millibars into
feet to give the height of the building.

But since we are constantly being exhorted to exercise independence of mind
and apply scientific methods, undoubtedly the best way would be to knock on
the janitor's door and say to him 'If you would like a nice new barometer, I
will give you this one if you tell me the height of this skyscraper'."

The student was Nils Bohr, the first Dane to win the Nobel prize for
Physics.

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