[time-nuts] GPS antenna and lightning and power
fortime at bellsouth.net
Mon Oct 5 07:21:13 UTC 2009
----- Original Message -----
From: "Bill Hawkins" <bill at iaxs.net>
To: "'Discussion of precise time and frequency measurement'"
<time-nuts at febo.com>
Sent: Monday, October 05, 2009 3:11 AM
Subject: Re: [time-nuts] GPS antenna and lightning and power
> I understand the need for an equipotential plate at the building
> entrance, with a good ground connection. I also understand the need
> for a single point ground and, if possible, a metal ground plane
> under the equipment that is also returned to a single point.
> So far, this has been applied to the cables from antennas.
> What about the power company ground? These wires also enter the
> equipment, but they are not connected to the common ground. Even
> if they were, the pole transformer wouldn't handle the voltage
> rise from the usual poor earth ground at the equipotential plate.
> A nearby strike can cause a high electric field in the dirt. One
> example is the well pipe. Another is dead cows standing with
> their feet apart (as they must). Or dead golfers.
> The EMP problem is not affected by grounding at all. In fact, a
> good ground at the building just strengthens the EMP and puts it
> closer to the building.
> At least, that's how I understand it.
> Bill Hawkins
Mountaintops are unique in some respects, with Kevins terminology I would
guess he is in the electrical business. Grounds for RF, Lightning, and
electrical have little in common other than name. What is a good electrical
ground may conflict with a good lightning or RF ground.
A mountain I am thinking of is primarily rock where holes were blasted in
solid rock for the tower legs. For grounding, tons of copper sheets/plate
was buried below what dirt is in the area. At considerable expense, they did
manage to get about 25 Ohms above ground. When a dark cloud is on the
horizon, the power lines are switched off and they go on Cat diesel
generators and stay on them as long as the threat of a storm exists. Should
they take a hit and fail to switch off the power companies lines, it will
drop the power lines coming up the mountain.
The building is steel reinforced concrete and in essence a faraday cage.
Tower, building, and contents are all the same potential, like the bird on
the power line. No damage results BUT it can be one hell of a show with St.
Elmo's fire and ball lightning. It's harmless, but a newcomer to the
building in a storm may be found on top of the card table in the fetal
position with the ball lightning rolling around. The lightning charge itself
may travel a little further along the ground before it dissipates, but as
long as you are in the building (faraday cage) and not standing in the area
outside, you and all the equipment are ok.
Here is a super interesting short video of men inspecting "live" hi-voltage
Just like that bird on the wire. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9tzga6qAaBA
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