[time-nuts] FE-5650A option 58 tuning word for 10 MHz output
wb6bnq at cox.net
Wed Jan 4 04:16:07 EST 2017
I did mis-speak. You're correct that only 32 bits (8 hex digits) are
used to program the DDS chip. As Mark points out they store a 64 bit
number and only use 56 bits but he does not elaborate on what is done
with the bits beyond 32. Also, after reviewing my comment on the “R”
number, I see that I did not really convey what my mind was trying to
Let me try again and see if I can be clearer. The Rb physics package,
itself, is an extremely narrow filter that, under certain conditions, is
stable to some finite degree with an extremely small drift. One
function that can modify the filter is a magnetic field. By shielding
all external magnetic influences except for what is purposefully
introduced, the finite frequency of this filter can be varied by a small
amount. This is what the C-field adjustment is doing.
Yes, I do think the outer can covering is a MU-metal shield. The bottom
plate where the connector is located is not.
A Rubidium frequency standard is a controllable crystal oscillator fed
through the Rb filter with a feedback signal from the filter to keep the
crystal oscillator centered on the Rb filter. By making very small
changes to the Rb filter, the crystal oscillator frequency can be
steered. Over the long term of many months the Rb filter is more stable
than a crystal oscillator and thus becomes a higher level standard
relative to a good crystal oscillator for the long term (months).
In the scheme of things, the Rb filter is narrower than the crystal is
and these adjustments are very small compared to the Rb frequency (6
GHz). So setting the C-field to minimum and adjusting the final output
frequency with the DDS to the closest step just below the desired
frequency and then adjusting the C-field, by external comparison, to the
correct wanted frequency achieves the desired result.
I know the calculator that comes with Windows XP will produce the
correct mathematical results. I think the Windows version 7 does the
same. I do not have Windows 10 and therefore cannot address that one,
if there is one. Even EXCEL spreadsheet does not do the job properly.
So use caution with your calculations.
However, with all that said, it means nothing if you cannot properly
measure the final value against an external standard of greater
accuracy. Acquiring the equipment to do the external measurements is
where the real cost comes in.
At the minimum you will need a good “timing” GPSDO and I would highly
recommend the Trimble Thunderbolt (properly set-up of course). The next
item is a good time interval counter like a HP 5335 with GPIB
capability. Add a GPIB controller to acquire the needed data,
specifically one of these two
https://www.sparkfun.com/search/results?term=gpib would be an excellent
choice. With these three items you can make a computer version of a
strip chart measuring the delta difference in frequence between the
Thunderbolt and the Rb.
Hopefully the above helps to clear up your query ?
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